The Basics of Gum Disease
When bacteria infect a tooth above the gum line, the result is a cavity. But below the gum line, bacteria can cause periodontal disease, also called gum disease. When disease penetrates your gums, they can pull away from your teeth and cause pockets.
These pockets can, in turn, make the progression of periodontal disease worse. It’s easier for bacteria to get into the pockets, making the plaque more difficult to clean. The disease can also move into your roots and destroy your periodontal ligament and alveolar bone.
Like cavities, gum disease is fairly common. Periodontal treatment is also simple and can restore your gums to a healthy condition, as well as making sure your smile looks beautiful so you can feel confident.
Risk Factors for Gum Disease
Though anyone can develop gum disease through poor oral hygiene, factors that can increase your risk include:
- Medication that reduces saliva production
- Health conditions (such as AIDS or cancer)
- Genetic susceptibility
Gum Disease Treatments
Treatments for gum disease consist of removing the disease completely and restoring the appearance of your smile. Removing gum disease makes it easier for your oral health to recover with daily brushing and flossing.
The traditional treatment for gum disease is called scaling and root planing. Often called a deep cleaning, this treatment consists of cleaning the pockets in your gums of disease so they can heal.
During the first part of the treatment, called planing, your gums will be cleaned of the disease completely. Then, to aid your gums in healing and keeping disease away, root planing will smooth out the texture of your roots.
Laser therapy is an innovative method of treating gum disease that can decrease pain and promote quicker healing. At our office, we can use a specialized soft tissue laser on your gums to clean them.
Soft Tissue Grafting
When you have periodontal disease, your gums can retract and expose more of your teeth. Gum recession is a gradual process and you may not even notice it until it becomes severe.
Soft tissue grafting can restore your gums by placing more tissue where it’s needed. This can reduce your likelihood of developing gum disease again and enhance the appearance of your smile.
If your gums cover too much of your teeth, Dr. Rangel can lengthen your crowns. This procedure is often used to make your smile appear the way you’d like it to so you can be proud of the way you look.
Pinhole Surgical Technique
This gum recovery procedure is minimally invasive and can protect your roots, also restoring the beauty of your smile.
The procedure consists of taking a small needle to make a tiny hole in your gums. This hole will be used with special instruments to loosen your gum tissue so it can be pulled up and over your exposed roots.
Your existing gum tissue will be used, so there’s no need for grafts or incisions. That means your recovery will be quicker and easier.
Frequently Asked Questions
Gum disease occurs when a bacterial infection gets below your gum line. Keeping up with our daily oral hygiene and dental cleanings can help to prevent periodontal disease.
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal disease. At this stage, you can still recover fully from the disease without the need for advanced procedures.
Without treatment, gum disease can be very serious though. When your gums bleed, the bacteria can transfer to your bloodstream and put you at risk for dangerous health conditions such as:
- Respiratory Disease
- Heart Disease
It’s important to seek treatment before your gum disease becomes a serious threat to your health.
Any mouthwash, when used in conjunction with daily brushing and flossing as well as dental cleanings, can help to prevent gum disease. Dr. Rangel can make specific recommendations for you when you are at our office.
Simple Gum Disease Treatments
If you’ve been having trouble with gum disease, treatments are available to make your mouth healthy again and ensure your smile remains beautiful. Dr. Rangel is an experienced dentist who can provide gentle care tailored uniquely to your needs.
To learn more, call our office at (432) 333-6169. You can also fill out your information in our online contact form and we’ll get right back to you.